Optical types of World Ocean based on InterKosmos-21* (MKS-BS sensor)




Optical type


Reflectance (445 nm),%


Ca, mg m^-3
> 3

<0. 01

> 0. 4
2 - 3
0.01 - 0.02
0.12 - 0.40
1 - 2
0.02 - 0.03
0.06 - 0.12
0 - 1
0.03 - 0.04
0.04 - 0.06
< 0
< 0.04

* V. Suslin. The ocean color based on MKS-BS (Intercosmos-21) measurement, 1992: Ph.D. Thesis in Physics-Mathematics, Marine Hydrophysical Institute, Sevastopol, (Ukraine)

* K. Bischoff, E. Orlicek, K.H. Schmelovsky, and G. Zimmermann, “First results of the Interkosmos satellite IK21,”
Acta Astronaut., Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 3135, 1983.



The Violet Breath of the World Ocean

Suslin V.V. THE VIOLET BREATH OF THE WORLD OCEAN Present at the Seventh International
Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, Miami, Florida/USA, 2002 May 2002


The examined phenomenon has one year period and influences on size of clear water areas of the world ocean. This one occurs in the subtropical zones of oceans on a large scale. The essence of one consists in a considerable increasing of areas of clear water in summer in comparison with winter in the northern hemisphere. There is the same process with shift in half a year in the southern hemisphere. The examples of historical retrospective by Interkosmos21 MKS-BSand Nimbus7 CZCS data, and recent products by OrbView2 SeaWiFS are presented. The differences and features of clear water areas are considered in detail for five sites: North Atlantic, South Atlantic, North Pacific, South Pacific, and Indian Ocean. The executed investigation has the significant consequence to be useful for control over the global changes of the Earth's biosphere.










Locations of visitors to this page





Copyright © 2009

Curator: Violetta Suslina